ból pleców kręgi i stawy

Stawy kręgosłupa i ból pleców

 The intervertebral joints are located at the back of the spine along its entire length. Each vertebra has two processes: upper and lower, which connect to neighboring vertebrae. Thanks to them, we can perform movements in the spine such as extension, forward bending, side bending, rotation, and combinations of these movements. Healthy joints also limit movements that could damage the tissues in their vicinity (e.g. by preventing excessive flexion or extension).

Lumbar facet joint pain is most often felt in the lower back or upper buttocks, along the side of the spine. The pain may be unilateral or bilateral. It may radiate to the side or along the back of the thigh.

There is also often a blockage in the cervical section and then pain will occur in the neck, nape and shoulder blade. The pain will increase when you tilt your head back or turn it. Headache may occur in the back and side.





The pain is usually deep and the patient often has a feeling of blockage in the spine, limited movement and muscle stiffness and pain. The pain may also be dull and become severe with certain movements.

The pain worsens when walking or standing for a long time, especially when the patient gets up after sitting for a long time, for example after a long session at the computer or driving a car. As you walk, the pain may improve in some people, but more often it gets worse. Rotation, or twisting of the trunk, intensifies the symptoms, especially if it is accompanied by a backward tilt of the trunk. At night, the pain is especially troublesome when turning from side to side. Lifting weights also increases the pain.

Relief is provided by sitting with a forward leaning or lying on your back with your legs bent at the knees or supported by a pillow.

Pain in the intervertebral joints can last for several days or weeks and is usually preceded by excessive lifting or unusual positioning of the back. However, joints often develop degenerative and inflammatory changes that lead to pain that can make life miserable for many months or years.



Back Pain


There may be effusion in the intervertebral joints. It is clearly visible on magnetic resonance imaging. A synovial cyst filled with synovial fluid may form outside the joint . Such a cyst can press on the dural sac and nerve roots, becoming one of the causes of sciatica .

An X-ray or computed tomography may reveal the so-called sclerotic reactions (sclerotization) in the intervertebral joints, i.e. bone hardening. This is a typical symptom of facet joint degeneration, or spondyloarthritis . This is not dangerous, but it indicates degeneration

Other changes in the joints include osteophytes , i.e. bone growths often located on the edges of the joints. They may cause no symptoms, but sometimes they can press on a nerve in the spine or spinal foramen and lead to sciatica or brachialgia.

Manual therapy, including mobilization and manipulation of the spinal joints, can often restore proper joint play and increase range of motion. It will also improve the functioning of muscles and other tissues, which often leads to full recovery.



back pain



Locked joints of the spine inevitably cause pain, discomfort and very high muscle tension, including muscle spasm. As a rule, the longer the problem is left, the worse it gets. Joint blockage not only affects the work of the spine in the blocked vertebrae, but also affects the work of other sections of the spine, which must work harder to compensate for the lost functions. With blocked vertebrae in the thoracic or lumbar spine, pain often occurs when extending and bending backwards. The pain usually occurs locally and less often radiates to the buttock or leg.

When manipulated, a click is often heard. This is the result (one of the theories :-)) of synovial fluid passing from one part of the joint to another and changing intra-articular pressure. Before the procedure, it is worth working and relaxing tense muscles using therapeutic massage techniques, myofascial therapy or the MET method (or PNF). This will allow manual therapy to be more effective. There are many manual therapy methods, but in Southampton you can ask for help from a trained physiotherapist, osteopath or chiropractor.

In general, the risk of procedures is very low, but you should be very careful when working on the cervical spine and properly assess the risk according to the guidelines of IFOMPT (International Federation of Manual Therapists).

Here you can learn more about the joints of the spine – h ttps://www.hyalutidin.pl/stawy-kregoslupa

And here about diseases of the spine joints – https://bit.ly/2IL6Bf1

At Physio Soton, we specialize in working with back, spine and peripheral joint pain. We use a number of manual and osteopathic techniques. More about us at www.physio-soton.co.uk


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